Mecca Home-ImgAs the birthplace of Muhammad and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave 3 km (2 mi) from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Read more


Medina - Home-ImgThe burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, it is the second holiest city in Islam after Mecca, a very sacred place. Medina is critically significant in Islamic History as Muhammad's final religious base after the Hijrah and the location of his death in 632 AD/11 AH. Medina was the power base of Islam in its first century, being where the early Muslim community (ummah) developed. Read more

Mount Uhud

Mount Uhud Home-ImgMount Uhud is a mountain in north of Medina. It is 1,077 m (3,533 ft) high. It was the site of the second battle between Muslim and Meccan forces. The Battle of Uhud was fought on 19 March, 625, between a force from the small Muslim community of Medina, in what is now north-western Arabia, and a force from Mecca. Read more

Masmak fort

Masmak-Fort-Home-ImgThe Masmak (Arabic: Qaṣr al-Maṣmak قصر المصمك‎) is a clay and mud-brick fort, with four watchtowers and thick walls, founded on stone blocks, lying in the center of Riyadh, in the old quarters. This building played a major part in the kingdom's history, as it was here that the recapture of Riyadh, led by Ibn Saud, occurred on 14 January 1902. Read more

Hajj Pilgrimage

Millions of worshipers arriving in Mecca for Hajj pilgrimage to join world's largest annual gathering of Muslims

Millions of Muslims are converging on Saudi Arabia to prepare for the annual Hajj pilgrimage – one of the largest gatherings of people in the world.

Scores of pilgrims gathered inside the Grand Mosque after nightfall in anticipation of a religious journey that is considered one of the Muslim faith’s greatest acts of worship.

Every adult Muslim is required to complete the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime as long as they are physically and financially capable of making the expensive and difficult journey.

Pilgrims wear unstitched folds of white cloth as they make the trek to Mecca’s Grand Mosque, Islam’s most sacred mosque. Read more